does a general dentist do root canals

Yes, a general dentist is qualified and trained to perform root canals. Root canals are a common dental procedure that aims to save a diseased or damaged tooth by removing the infected pulp inside the tooth’s root. The dentist will clean and reshape the tooth’s canal, filling it with a biocompatible material, and then seal it to prevent any further infection. While root canals can be complex, general dentists receive education and training that enables them to perform this procedure effectively.

Root Canal Procedure

A root canal procedure involves several steps to successfully treat an infected tooth and relieve any associated pain or discomfort. Here is an overview of the root canal process:

  1. Anesthesia: The dentist will administer local anesthesia to numb the tooth and the surrounding area, ensuring that the patient remains comfortable throughout the procedure.
  2. Access to the Pulp: The dentist creates a small access hole in the affected tooth to reach the infected pulp chamber and root canals. They may also place a rubber dam around the tooth to keep it dry during the procedure.
  3. Removal of Infected Pulp: Using specialized tools, the dentist carefully removes the infected pulp from the tooth’s root canals. They clean and disinfect the area to eliminate any bacteria or debris.
  4. Canal Shaping: The dentist uses small instruments to shape the canals, ensuring they are smooth and ready for filling.
  5. Filling and Sealing: The dentist fills the cleaned canals with a material called gutta-percha, which is a rubber-like material. This fills the space left after removing the infected pulp. The canals are then sealed to prevent recontamination.
  6. Restoration: After the root canal treatment, the dentist may place a temporary filling or a temporary crown on the tooth to protect it until a permanent restoration, such as a dental crown, can be fabricated and placed.

It’s important to note that some complex cases or specialized situations may require the referral to an endodontist, who is a specialist in root canals and related procedures. A general dentist can evaluate the severity of the infection and determine if a referral is necessary.

Benefits of Having a General Dentist Perform Root Canals

Having a general dentist perform root canals offers several benefits, including:

  • Convenience: General dentists are often available in more locations compared to specialists, making it more convenient for patients to access root canal treatment in their local area.
  • Continuity of Care: If you already have an established relationship with a general dentist, they will have a thorough understanding of your dental history and overall oral health. This knowledge allows them to provide personalized care during the root canal procedure.
  • Cost-Effectiveness: General dentists typically offer root canal treatments at a more affordable price compared to specialists, saving patients money.
  • Comprehensive Dental Services: General dentists can provide a wide range of dental services, including routine check-ups, cleanings, fillings, and other restorative procedures. If additional dental work is required alongside the root canal, a general dentist can address those needs in one place.

Alternatives to a General Dentist

In certain situations, a general dentist may refer you to an endodontist, a specialist trained in root canal treatments. This referral typically occurs when:

  • The root canal procedure is complex and requires advanced equipment or techniques.
  • The dentist suspects the presence of multiple canals or abnormal canal anatomy.
  • There are complications during the root canal procedure that require specialized care.
  • The patient has a history of extensive dental work, making the case more challenging.

By referring to an endodontist, general dentists ensure that their patients receive the highest level of care in complex root canal cases.

Aftercare and Long-Term Success

Following a root canal treatment, proper aftercare is crucial for the long-term success of the procedure. The general dentist will provide instructions on how to care for the treated tooth, which may include:

  • Avoiding chewing on hard or sticky foods to prevent damage to the restoration.
  • Maintaining a good oral hygiene routine, including brushing and flossing regularly.
  • Scheduling regular dental check-ups to monitor the tooth’s progress and ensure its continued health.

It’s important to follow these instructions and keep up with regular dental visits to maintain the health and longevity of the root canal-treated tooth.


A general dentist is capable of performing root canals, providing a convenient and cost-effective solution for patients in need of this common dental procedure. While some complex cases may require a referral to an endodontist, general dentists have the knowledge and skills to perform root canals effectively, ensuring the preservation of damaged or infected teeth.